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It can appear at any age, but most commonly in childhood and early adult life. People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce enough insulin, and therefore they must inject themselves with insulin several times a day.
Type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting 7. In type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use insulin properly they are insulin resistant and the pancreas may not make enough insulin.
Insulin injections may be required. The hormonal changes of pregnancy combined with a predisposition for poor insulin production or utilisation, results in increased blood glucose levels in the mother and the baby.
For most women with gestational diabetes, the diabetes will disappear after the baby is born. Managing diabetes For people using insulin, regular physical activity and a healthy diet that is well matched to insulin medication is key to well-controlled blood glucose levels.
They also need to consider the timing, amount and type of carbohydrate foods they eat, as well as the timing, amount and type of insulin Nutrition and type 2 diabetes take. Regular blood glucose testing will help you manage your diabetes. All people with diabetes should avoid smoking.
Healthy eating tips for people with diabetes A healthy diet used in the treatment of diabetes is similar to the diet recommended for all Australians.
To help manage your diabetes, Diabetes Australia recommend that you: Eat regular meals and healthy snacks spread over the day 2. Base meals on high fibre carbohydrate foods such as wholegrain breads and cereals, beans, lentils, vegetables and fruits 3.
Watch the amount of fat you eat and limit the amount of saturated fat by choosing lean meats and low fat dairy foods. Try to avoid fried takeaway foods, pastries and biscuits 4. Keep your weight within the healthy weight range by matching the amount of food you eat with the amount you burn up each day see weight management fact sheet Carbohydrates and the glycaemic index The amount of carbohydrate in a meal is the most important factor influencing blood glucose levels after a meal.
Foods containing carbohydrate include breads, cereals, rice, pasta, grains such as barley and couscous, fruit and fruit juices, legumes and some vegetables such as potato, sweet potato and corn. Milk and yogurt are also a source of carbohydrate in the form of the milk sugar, lactose.
The glycaemic index GI is a useful tool to choose foods to help control blood glucose levels in people with diabetes. Carbohydrates in food are digested and absorbed at different rates.
The GI is a way of ranking carbohydrate-containing foods from based on whether they raise blood sugar levels a lot, moderately or a little.
Carbohydrate containing foods that are digested quickly will result in a high blood glucose level and have a high glycaemic index high GI foods. Foods with a GI 70 and above are classified as high GI foods. Carbohydrate foods that are digested more slowly raise blood glucose levels more slowly, and so have a lower glycaemic index low GI foods.
Foods with a GI 55 and below are low GI foods. Eating foods with a low GI can help people with diabetes control their blood glucose levels. Eating moderate amounts of low GI carbohydrate foods regularly over the day will help you maintain consistent blood glucose levels.
Low GI foods also stop you from feeling as hungry, which may help you to manage or lose weight. Healthy, low GI food choices Milk and dairy foods — reduced or low fat varieties of milk and dairy foods are the best choices for people with diabetes.
Bread — wholegrain, fruit loaf and sourdough. Breakfast cereals — traditional porridge, natural muesli and some high fibre varieties. Pasta and noodles — all varieties. Grains — barley, bulgur and semolina.A diet for people with type 2 diabetes also is referred to as a diabetic diet for type 2 diabetes and medical nutrition therapy (MNT) for people with diabetes.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors Health in . The Best and Worst Foods for Type 2 Diabetes | Everyday Health. Learn all about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments for type 2 diabetes.
In the epidemic of non-communicable diet and lifestyle disease, type-2 diabetes [“diabetes”] has emerged as a particular scourge: the leading cause of death under years of age, and an annual cost of billion dollars in North America in (1).
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss. Symptoms may also include increased hunger, feeling tired, and sores that do not heal. This topic contains study abstracts on Diabetes Mellitus: Type 2 indicating that the following substances may be helpful: Magnesium, Cinnamon, and Arginine.